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26/02/21

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24/02/21

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01/02/21

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22/01/21

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Year 6

Year 6 Curriculum Overview

 

Y6 Subject: Autumn 1 Knowledge – What is the best way for a Muslim to show commitment to God?

Key End-Points:

 

What does it mean to make a commitment?

  • A commitment involves dedicating yourself to a cause; commitments often affect our actions
  • We can have commitments to ourselves, commitments to people we know and people we don’t know
  • A religious commitment is a commitment to the beliefs and practices of that religion
  • Muslims show a commitment to Islam by following the five pillars of Islam:
    • Shahadah: sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith
    • Salat: performing ritual prayers in the proper way five times each day
    • Zakat: giving money to charity
    • Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan
    • Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca

 

How does prayer show a commitment to God?

  • People from different religious groups can show their commitment to their faith through prayer, it is a form of worship and can be public or private.
  • In Islam, Allah means God. He is the creator of the universe.
  • Muslims practice the pillar of ‘Salat’ which involves praying five times a day
  • The practice of prayer is begun by summoning a ‘call to prayer’ from the local mosque or over the radio or television.
  • A cleansing ritual is performed before prayer.
  • All Muslims will pray in the same direction, which points to the location of Makkah
  • Another form of worship can be seen through Hajj, the final pillar; this is a pilgrimage to Makkah.
  • Muslims must make this pilgrimage at least once in a lifetime to show their commitment to their faith by enduring a testing journey.

How does zakat show commitment to God?

  • Zakat is the third pillar of Islam: and involves giving money to charity
  • Muslims are required to give 2.5 per cent of their money to charity.
  • Zakat shows commitment to God because they believe everything they own belongs to God.
  • Zakat teaches Muslims key principles part of Islamic faith: Learning self-discipline, freeing oneself from the love of possessions and greed, freeing oneself from the love of money, freeing oneself from love of oneself and behaving honestly

 

How does fasting show a commitment to God?

  • Fasting (Sawm) is the fourth pillar of Islam
  • Fasting occurs during the month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Islamic calendar)
  • Muslims do not eat or drink at all during the hours of daylight.
  • Fasting shows a commitment to God by remembering the suffering and hardship of their ancestors (Old Testament)
  • It shows a commitment to God by placing their faith above anything else, including food and drink.

 

What is the best way for a Muslim to show commitment to God?

  • Muslims show commitment to God by following the five pillars of Islam.
  • These pillars include praying five times each day, giving money to charity, fasting during the month of Ramadan and going on a pilgrimage to Makkah.
  • Muslims show commitment by following practice from their family or members of their community, particularly when visiting their Mosque.
  • No matter how sincerely a person may believe, Islam regards it as pointless to live a life without putting that faith into action and practice.
  • Carrying out the Five Pillars demonstrates that the Muslim is putting their faith first, and not just trying to fit it in around their secular lives.
  • Life circumstances (such as economic and travel) may mean Muslims may carry out some commitments better than others.

 

How can I show commitment?  Are there things I am more committed to than others?

National Curriculum Expectations:

  • Pupils to learn ways in which Islamic people show commitment to their faith and beliefs
  • Articulate beliefs, values and commitments clearly in order to explain why they may be important in their own and other people’s lives.
  • Explore and describe a range of Islamic beliefs, symbols and actions so that they can understand different ways of life and ways of expressing meaning
  • Understand that religion and beliefs inform our values and are reflected in what we say and how we behave.
  • Shape individual’s knowledge and understanding of the religions and beliefs which form part of contemporary society.
  • Provoke challenging questions about the meaning and purpose of life, beliefs, the self, issues of right and wrong, and what it means to be human.

Links to prior learning:

  •  Year 2: Does praying at regular intervals everyday help a Muslim in his/her everyday life?

Links to future learning:

  •  Year 6: Does belief in Akhirah (life after death) help Muslims lead good lives?

Demonstrating Mastery of endpoints:

  • Multiple-Choice Quiz
  • Outcome: What is the best way for Muslim to show commitment to God? 

 

 

Lesson & Objective

Key Knowledge & Vocabulary

Explanations/ Representations

Misconceptions

Connections: Revisit & Foreshadow

Outcomes

1

What does it mean to make a commitment?

 

Be able to explain what a religious commitment is.

 

Recall that Muslims show commitment to God by practising the Five pillars of Islam.

A commitment involves dedicating yourself to a cause; commitments often affect our actions.

We can have commitments to ourselves, commitments to people we know and people we don’t know

 

A religious commitment is a commitment to the beliefs and practices of that religion

 

Muslims show a commitment to Islam by following the five pillars of Islam:

 

  • Shahadah: sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith
  • Salat: performing ritual prayers in the proper way five times each day
  • Zakat: giving money to charity
  • Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan
  • Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca

 

Vocabulary:

 

Commitment, Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, Hajj

The most important Muslim practices are the Five pillars of Islam. See link for further detail.

The Ultimate Muslim belief is that Allah has no equal, so to worship anyone or anything else is considered shirk.

Muslims may love and respect the Prophet Muhammad, the messenger of Allah, but they do not worship him as he is not divine and not equal to Allah.

 

Lesson:

Place word commitment on the board and allow pupils a few minutes to discuss its meaning. Can they define it? CT to write definition on working wall.

 

‘Sarah wants to be able to play the flute. Her mum said that she would pay for her to have flute lessons on the condition that she practised her flute for at least 15 minutes each day.’

 

CT- What is Sarah committed to?

How does Sarah need to show this commitment?

 

Pupils answer the questions.

 

CT: What do we mean by a commitment?

How do we show commitment?

 

CT- do you think it might be difficult for Sarah to keep her commitment?

 

Elicit that a commitment is dedicating to a cause. And we show that commitment by doing something regularly, being loyal and working hard.

We all show a commitment to being in this class. And show that commitment by following our class rules.

 

Mini-Task: Pupils identify three commitments they have and how they show these commitments

 

Discuss reasons why it might be difficult to show a commitment.

Mini-Task: Pupils can identify what they find difficult about keeping their own three commitments.

 

As a class, decide on three main principles of showing and keeping a commitment.

 

CT- Explain to pupils that people can show commitment to a religion or faith.

For example, Muslims show their commitment to the faith of Islam, and their God Allah.

 

Watch video and share the five pillars

 

Think, pair, share:

 

What level of commitment do each of the pillars involve?

Why might this be difficult?

 

 

Difficulty understanding religious terminology and language.

 

Ensure key vocabulary is available on the working wall for pupils to see and familiarise themselves with.

Connections:

Year 2:

Recap prior learning through starter quiz.

Does praying at regular intervals everyday help a Muslim in his/her everyday life?

 

Foreshadow:

 

Next steps: debate which pillar may be considered most important and why, in preparation for next lesson: How does prayer show a commitment to God?

 

How does the first pillar of Islam demonstrate commitment to God?

 

Pupils reflect on their own commitments; what they do to show their commitment and the difficulties they face to keep the commitments.

 

 

 

 

 

2

How does prayer show a commitment to God?

 

Interpret the meaning of prayer

 

Describe how Islamic prayer shows a commitment to God.

 

Explain why prayer is so important to Islamic faith.

 

 

People from different religious groups can show their commitment to their faith through prayer. 

 

Prayer is a form of worship and can be public or private.

 

In Islam, Allah means God. He is the creator of the universe.

 

Muslims practice the pillar of ‘Salat’ which involves praying five times a day.

 

The practice of prayer is begun by summoning a ‘call to prayer’ from the local mosque or over the radio or television.

A cleansing ritual is performed before prayer.

 

Muslims pray in the same direction, which points to the location of Makkah.

 

Prayers can be made in the home, workplace or in the Mosque.

 

 

Vocabulary:

 

Makkah, Salat, Mosque, Ritual, Cleanse

 

Additional Information

 

Salat is the obligatory Muslim prayer performed five times each day by Muslims. It is the second Pillar of Islam.

 

The purpose of prayer for a Muslim is to remember. At fixed intervals, no matter how busy a Muslim is, he/she might ask himself, “Why am I here, what do I do in this world?”

Prayer helps Muslims to be accountable for their daily actions which greatly changes their perceptions of life. 

God ordered Muslims to pray at five set times of day:

  • Salat al-fajr: dawn, before sunrise
  • Salat al-zuhr: midday, after the sun passes its highest
  • Salat al-'asr: the late part of the afternoon
  • Salat al-maghrib: just after sunset
  • Salat al-'isha: between sunset and midnight

 

See think link for further guidance as to why Muslims pray five times a day.

 

Makkah- the direction Muslims pray towards- is the most sacred place in Islamic culture. Muslims pilgrimage here at least once in their lifetime to show commitment to their faith. This pilgrimage is the fifth pillar of Islam, known as Hajj

 

Muslims show commitment to God during Hajj as their Pilgrimage is, by definition, a physical and spiritual journey, intended to be testing and trialling.

 

See here to discuss why prayer is so important to everyday life.

 

Lesson:

 

Recap: What is a commitment?

How do Muslims show their commitment?

What are the five pillars of Islam?

 

Thought shower pupils understanding of ‘prayer’. CT to write and pupils to share verbally.

 

Introduce that prayer is one of the oldest forms of worship and bridges a very old civilisation with modern day beliefs.

 

Explain that prayer is the second pillar of Islam. Go through the five prayers and explain the process Muslims take in preparation for prayer e.g. call to prayer, washing, facing the direction of Makkah.

 

Introduce scripture:

Woe to those who pray, but are unmindful of their prayer, or who pray only to be seen by people

Qur'an 107:4-6

 

Class Discussion: Why do you think Muslims are required to pray five times a day?

Discuss responses and share as a class.

 

Watch this video explaining Muslim prayer. While watching, pupils to jot down ways in which prayer shows commitment to God.

 

Pupils to create a Y chart with the headings: Beliefs, Rituals and Practices of prayer and explain each.

 

Beliefs: shows commitment

Self-reflection

Takes accountability for actions

Gratitude

Do not forget about God or his intentions

 

Rituals:

Washing

Direction of Makkah

Call to prayer

 

Practices:

Pray 5 times a day (explain these)

Mosque

 

 

Teach pupils, why Muslims follow the second of their Five Pillars of faith every day by praying. They do this to:

 

  • Show their belief
  • Be reminded of God so they do not forget about Him
  • Allow for self-reflection
  • Enables them to think of others

Learning from Y2 e.g. identifying where prayer takes place.

 

 

Key vocabulary. Stop and discuss when in context.

 

Ensure the fifth pillar of Islam – Hajj- is discussed alongside prayer, as this will not be revisited during following lessons, but pupils will be expected to explain its role during L5.

 

Pupils complete a Y chart to describe the beliefs, rituals and practices of prayer.

 

Pupil to answer questions:

 

How does praying show that their lives are built around their faith?

 

How might praying five times each day affect a Muslims’ daily life?

 

Would it always be easy to stop what they are doing in order to pray?

 

Do you think it is necessary for Muslims to pray five times each day in order to show that they believe in God and are not forgetting about Him?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

How does Zakat

show commitment to God? 

 

Interpret a set of beliefs.

 

Describe how these beliefs are implemented in everyday life.

 

Explain how they show a commitment to God.

 

Zakat is the practice where a Muslim gives 2.5% of their earnings to charity, after they have paid for what is necessary to support themselves and their families.

 

This means that people who are too poor will not be required to suffer hardship to give Zakat.

 

Zakat teaches Muslims key principles part of Islamic faith: Learning self-discipline, freeing oneself from the love of possessions and greed, freeing oneself from the love of money, freeing oneself from love of oneself and behaving honestly

 

 

 

Vocabulary:

 

Zakat, Charitable, Community, Sadaqah, duty

 

 

Additional Information:

Muslims give to charity because they see wealth as a loan from Allah. These donations help Muslims to purify their souls by not being greedy. It is said that the giver of the money will receive a “hundred-fold” back in the afterlife.

 

 

In countries such as the UK, some Muslims perform Zakat by giving directly to a charity, such as Muslim Aid. Others contribute to collections in the mosque, which then distributes the money to those in need. In Islamic countries, often Zakat is collected as a tax.

 

Helping each other is seen as helping Allah and fulfilling a duty to God, so by giving Zakat the Muslim community supports one another as the poorest are given financial help.

 

To Muslims all over the world it is important to help the community to create peace and harmony.

Sadaqah (Giving without expecting anything in return) covers all kinds of good deeds and involves putting other people first’.

 

Lesson

 

As a class, discuss the word ‘Charity’. What it means, why people are charitable and where have we seen this in practice before? Share examples:

 

We raise money for charity in school

In Church (faith dependent)

In times of crisis

Sponsored sports (London Marathon)

 

Introduce the third pillar of Islam- Zakat. Explain that this means to give money to charity. Watch this video and, while watching, pupils jot down why they think Muslims are required to give 2.5 per cent of their money to charity.

 

Explain that Muslims think it is their duty to do this as everything they own belongs to God.

 

CT to ask the questions:

Why is it a good idea to help charities?

How does this mean a Muslim is showing their commitment to God?

 

Other than giving money, what other ways can we help people?

Would somebody still be a good Muslim if he/she did not give any money to charity?

Under what circumstances do you think it would be acceptable for a Muslim not to donate to charity?

 

Pupils to read and research three given Muslim Charities:

Muslim Global Relief

Syria Relief

Global Relief Trust

 

Key vocabulary. Stop and discuss when in context.

 

Children may need clarification on the difference between a commitment and a duty. Discuss which practices are obligatory.  

Multiple choice question:

 

Review:

CT: Lots of people choose to donate money to charity on a regular basis. What other ways do Muslims help people less fortunate than themselves?

 

Foreshadow Fasting:

 

Other than giving money, what other ways can we (or Muslims) help people? Would somebody still be a good Muslim if he/she did not give any money to charity?

 

Pupils answer questions relating to the three charities provided:

 

1) What do the charities all have in common?

2) What are their key beliefs and values?

2) Where is most of their money donated to?

2) Why might a Muslim want to donate to each charity?

3) Why do Muslims donate to Charity? Is it necessary to show this commitment to Allah?

4) What other ways could Muslims show their care for people?

 

4

How does fasting show a commitment to God?

 

Analyse a religious practice.

 

Describe how fasting is practised among Islamic faith.

 

Explain how fasting shows a commitment to God.

 

Fasting (Sawm) is the fourth pillar of Islam.

 

Fasting occurs during the month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Islamic calendar).

 

Muslims do not eat or drink at all during the hours of daylight.

 

Fasting shows a commitment to God by remembering the suffering and hardship of their ancestors.

 

It shows a commitment to God by placing their faith above anything else, including food and drink. 

 

 

 

 

Vocabulary:

 

Fasting

Sawm, Ramadan, Qur’an

 

 

Additional Information:

 

The fourth pillar of Islam, ‘Sawm’, means fasting. Fasting occurs during the month of Ramadan.  Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar.

During Ramadan, Muslims request forgiveness of sins in the past and pray for direction. It is a time for Muslims to pray more than usual and make amends for any mistakes.

 

 

If Muslims are not able to fast (due to health reasons) they donate more money to the poor.

 

The end of Ramadan is celebrated by a festival called ‘The breaking of the Fast’, also known as Eid al-Fitr.

Fasting is a way of showing that they are living in the way that God wants and remembering people who are hungry. They believe it shows that their religion is the most important thing in their lives - far more important than eating or drinking.

 

Lesson:

 

Quick recap of past three lessons.

 

Discuss the word ‘Fasting’ and add it to the working wall. Pupils to generate explanations before coming up with a shared definition.

 

Explain that the fourth pillar of Islam is ‘Sawm’, which means fasting. Explain that fasting occurs during the period of Ramadan. Watch this video, and ask pupils to jot down why Muslims fast. Feedback from children.

 

 

CT: During Ramadan, what different things might a Muslim do?

 

CT: Some Muslims, including children, fast during Ramadan. If Muslims are fasting, what does this mean they’re doing?

 

CT: How do you think you would feel if you fasted and could not eat during the day?

 

CT: Why does this show that they are committed to their God?

(Ensure children know the Qur’an is the holy book for Muslims).

 

Difficult concept for children (who do not follow that faith) to consider. Discuss the importance of respecting differences and that this level of commitment is not expected of everybody.

Do children think that fasting is necessary for Muslims to show their commitment to God? If a Muslim was hungry and ate something, would this mean that he/she is not a good Muslim?

 

Pupils to write a letter in the perspective of a Muslim child and retell their experiences during Ramadan. Include the following points:

 

1) What Ramadan is

2) When it occurs

3) Why it’s so important to Muslims

4) What happens during Ramadan (are there any practices/rituals/ food choices different to any other time of the year; charity donations etc)

5)Explain the purpose of fasting (to show a commitment to God; to be generous; to think of the less fortunate).

6) What happens to conclude Ramadan?

 

 

Possible responses:

 

 By fasting, they are fulfilling what God intended and remembering those before them. 

 

They are donating money to the poor to show their commitment to God by thinking of others before themselves.

 

They are placing God before anything else they consider a daily necessity.

.

 

5

What is the best way for a Muslim to show commitment to God?

 

To describe the beliefs and practices that Muslims commit to God.

 

Explain why these practices demonstrate a commitment to God.

 

Make a reasoned judgement as to which practice is best to show commitment to God.

Muslims show a commitment to Islam by following the five pillars of Islam. There are five themes:

1- Faith

2- Prayer- Muslims pray 5 times a day to ensure that they reflect on their actions and build their life around their faith

3- Charity-Muslims give 2.5% of their wealth to charity; they believe that their wealth is Allah’s and that they should use it for good

4- Fasting- Muslims fast during the period of Ramadan, it is a period of reflection, where Muslims show that they can forgo food and water in the name of their faith

5- Pilgrimage- Muslims make a trip to Makkah at some point in their lifetime

 

 

 

Vocabulary:

 

Continuum, self- discipline 

selflessness, dedication

spiritual practice

This is a review lesson. There should be no new learning here.

Consolidate all prior learning covered in this sequence. Revisit learning prior to assessment.

 

Lesson:

 

Recap the five pillars of Islam.

Explain that these pillars are how Muslims live and show their commitment to God.

 

In groups, on flipchart paper, write the five pillars of Islam and give time for pupils to discuss how each pillar demonstrates a commitment to God and why. Come back as class and share.

 

CT to create a continuum chart ranging from best and worst way to show commitment. Place the five pillars along the continuum line and discuss which order they should be placed in and why.

 

This lesson would work best if debated first in group/ whole class, before writing.

 

 

Pupils need to know the difference between a practice and a belief. Model this in your extended writing piece.

 

 

 

 

Summarise that even if pupils do not think it is necessary to pray five times each day, give 2.5 per cent of their money to charity, fast during Ramadan and visit Makkah, often being committed to someone or something means putting them before yourself and doing things that are difficult or you may not want to do. Commitments are not always easy to stick to.

 

 

Children to write an extended writing response to the following questions:

 

  1. In which ways do Muslims show their commitment to God?
  2. Why do they follow these practices to show their commitment?
  3. Which practice is the best way for a Muslim to show commitment to God?

 

 

Multiple choice quiz

6

How can I show commitment?

 

Are there things I am more committed to than others?

 

To explain how commitments are personal and relate this to my own personal commitments.  

A commitment involves dedicating yourself to a cause.

 

Commitments often affect our actions and behaviour.

 

They allow us to be self –reflective, consider what we’re doing right and wrong, and what we can do further to strengthen our faith.

 

We can have commitments to ourselves, commitments to people we know and people we don’t know.

 

 

Vocabulary:

 

Dedication, Aspiration

Affirmation, Hardship

Revisit first lesson and scenario provided to pupils.

 

CT: how did Sarah show commitment?

 

CT: what are your own personal commitments?

Why are they so committed?  Are there some things that they are more committed to than other things? Why?

 

 

Pupils to note down in groups the commitments they have in their own lives, whether a commitment to a sport, club, relationship, learning or life aspiration, for example.

 

CT: Ask pupils how they ensure that they fulfil this commitment.

 

How can we do more to show commitment?

 

 

 

Pupils need to understand how commitments can be personal, social and traditional to be able to differentiate their own affirmation.

What happens when commitments don’t work?

 

Consider resilience building and how thinks links to faith, both personal and religious.

Pupils to choose a personal commitment.

 

Write an affirmation or a short mission statement to reinforce their commitment to their chosen focus, using the sentence stems:

 

I am committed to….

I show my commitment by…

I would like to show greater commitment to...

I will do this by….

I know I may find this difficult sometimes because...

 

This could be used as an art lesson- decorate affirmations and place them on display.

 


There isn’t that much new knowledge in this lesson either- it is more an opportunity for pupils to reflect on what they have learnt and how it applies to their own life: so it will be a lesson where they reflect on their own commitments 

I have just made this a little more concise

In this lesson, I think they only need to be introduced to the Five pillars, I think any further reflection might take too long. As this is personal lesson, the outcome should be a personal one.